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Original Paper
Quantitative Study of Butterfly Diversity in Wando Quercus acuta Forest Over 5 Years (2017-2021)
Sanghun Lee, Na-Hyun Ahn
GEO DATA. 2023;5(2):55-59.   Published online June 20, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22761/GD.2023.0010
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This study presents the long-term quantitative data on butterflies in Wando Arboretum, which represents the only warm-temperate forest located in the southernmost part of South Korea. This arboretum has significant academic value as approximately 770 species of rare woody plants or herbs, such as the Japanese evergreen oak (Quercus acuta), found in warm temperate zones grow under natural conditions here. In this project, the butterflies in this region were studied due to their sensitivity to temperature changes. The study was conducted from March-April to October-November over 5 years (2017-2021) in the region dominated by Japanese evergreen oak. We found 1,743 individuals of 47 butterfly species belonging to five families. The acquired butterfly data could serve as a reference for the further development of a network-oriented database for assessing temporal climate changes.

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