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Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Seagrass Habitat Based on Remote Sensing Data: Focusing on Wan Island
Jung Yoon Yeo, Joo Bong Jeong, Jong Kyu Kim
GEO DATA. 2022;4(2):23-36.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22761/DJ2022.4.2.003
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  • 32 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
In May 2019, UAV photogrammetry using drones (unmanned aircraft) was conducted to investigate the spatial distribution characteristics of the seagrass habitat in Wan Island. Wan Is. sea was divided into 3 geographical areas (Site A, B, C) by referring to the seagrass distribution identified by the National Coastal seagrass forest precision survey (Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, 2015), and contour lines were extracted from grid depth data. In addition, a 3-D benthic topographic map using DTM (Digital Terrain Model) was created to understand the characteristics and slope of the benthic topographic map. Through the analysis of the seagrass distribution results and the water depth results, it was confirmed that the boundary between the seagrass distribution in the outer and coastal areas converges to different water depth limits (within 10 m, and within 5 m), which is estimated to be based on the characteristics of the outer sea area. As a result of the analysis of the benthic topography, it was confirmed that the slope of the well-covered distribution was relatively gentle below 0.2~0.8 degrees, and the well-covered distribution was limited to the vicinity of the boundary where the slope changed rapidly. As a result of comparing the area of the seagrass distribution survey in 2015 and 2019, it was confirmed that the area was 238.4 ha and 1,070.9 ha, respectively, which was 4.5 times more widerly when performing Drone survey than diving survey. In order to understand the surrounding environment of the seagrass distribution site, satellite image data and license fishing ground information map at the time of drone shooting (May 2019) were checked. As a result, seaweed (Kelp, Sea mustard seaweed, Seaweed, Seaweed fulvescens, etc.) and shellfish (Abalone) were densely distributed, and most of the facilities except for Seaweed fulvescens farms were separated from their habitat. Drone survey confirmed Zostera marina, Zostera caulescens, and Zostera japonica in Wan Is., but no Phyllospadix iwatensis and Halophila nipponica were identified in 2015. It was confirmed that there was a limit to classifying the types of vegetation due to the characteristics of Phyllospadix iwatensis attached to the rock substrate, and in the case of Halophila nipponica with short leaves of 2 to 3 cm, they were not exposed to the water even at low tide, so there was a limit to detection using drones. These research results are expected to be useful data for grasping the characteristics of a wide range of seagrass habitats in other seas in the future.
The Dataset of UAV Based High-resolution Tidal Topography at the Nakdong Estuary: Focusing on Jin-u Island and Shin-ja Island
Yeongjae Jang, Jingyo Lee, Joo-Hyung Ryu, Kye-Lim Kim, Hahn Chul Jung, Keunyong Kim
GEO DATA. 2022;4(1):27-36.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.22761/DJ2022.4.1.003
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  • 30 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
In the tidal flats of the Nakdong Estuary, eight weirs were installed as part of the Four Major River Restoration Project in 2011, and the environment changed from a flowing stream to a still water stream. As the Nakdong River’s weir was permanently opened in February 2022, the topography and ecological environment are expected to large change. In this study, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) photogrammetry was conducted on the tidal flats of the Nakdong Estuary in November 2021, the environment before the Nakdong River floodgates were opened. The study area was surveyed using the Network-RTK (Real-Time Kinematic) method to obtain Ground Control Point (GCP), and using an UAV, orthographic image and digital elevation model were generated for an area of 3.47 ㎢ near Jin-u island and 2.75 ㎢ near Shin-ja island. A result of spatial resolution of 1.8 cm was obtained, the result was verified using checkpoints, and results with accuracy exceeding 1 cm were obtained in both Sin-u Island and Jin-woo Island. In the future, changes in the topography and sedimentation environment of this area are expected, so it will be useful data for various research and conservation management.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Influence of Precipitation Conditions and Discharge Rates of River Estuary Barrages on Geomorphological Changes in an Estuarine Area
    Sung-Bo Kim, Doo-Pyo Kim
    Applied Sciences.2023; 13(17): 9661.     CrossRef

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